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DAL join filter

This document represents an architecture decision record (ADR) and has been mirrored from the ADR section in our Shopware 6 repository. You can find the original version here

Context

Currently, there are various difficulties with the current implementation of the anti-join-filter. Sometimes this does not lead to the correct results or the query cannot be executed due to a PHP exception. Furthermore the counterpart to the anti-join-filter, the join-filter, is missing. Currently the anti-join-filter is automatically assembled in the entity searcher if a not-filter exists that points to a field of an association.

Anti join filter concept

The anti-join-filter should make sure that a to-many association can be queried negated on multiple values, here is an example:
Give me all products which do not have "red" or "yellow" as property, but also not "XL" or "L". On the SQL side, the following query must be generated for this purpose:
SELECT product.id
FROM product
LEFT JOIN property_properties color_filter
ON color_filter.product_id = product.id
AND color_filter.id IN ("red", "yellow")
LEFT JOIN property_properties size_filter
ON size_filter.product_id = product.id
AND size_filter.id IN ("XL", "L")
WHERE size_filter.product_id IS NULL
AND color_filter.product_id IS NULL

Join filter concept

The join-filter should make sure that a to-many association can be queried on multiple values, here is an example:
Give me all products which do have "red" or "yellow" as property, but also "XL" or "L". On the SQL side, the following query must be generated for this purpose:
SELECT product.id
FROM product
LEFT JOIN property_properties color_filter
ON color_filter.product_id = product.id
AND color_filter.id IN ("red", "yellow")
LEFT JOIN property_properties size_filter
ON size_filter.product_id = product.id
AND size_filter.id IN ("XL", "L")
WHERE size_filter.product_id IS NOT NULL
AND color_filter.product_id IS NOT NULL

Decision

Whether several joins must be made on an association must be recognized by the DBAL implementation itself. The user of the DAL does not have to pass an extra parameter for this. However, since it is difficult to interpret what exactly is to be determined by the criteria, the algorithm for determination is based on certain rules.
We will form so called join-groups in the DAL. These are created per multi-filter layer. So a join to an association is only possible once per multi-filter layer. So we allow to query several fields within one join. But if an already filtered field is filtered in another or nested multi-filter, a separate join is created for this field. It is only necessary to resolve the to-many association several times. After the join-groups have been formed, the field to be resolved is passed to the FieldResolver (which forms the SQL JOIN) and the filter in which this field is located. Resolved filters in the JOIN are then marked and later in the WHERE they are linked with the corresponding AND/OR/NOT logic.

Consequences

Queries against the DAL can now behave differently if multiple filters are set on a to many association. To filter a to many association on multiple fields, where all filters should be related to each other, they must now be wrapped in a multi filter.
Note: If you use filters that filter on a to-many association field, you should check if the results of this query are still correct. It may be that more or less records are returned.
The following example shows how the filter behavior has changed on to-many associations:
1:
$criteria->addFilter(
new AndFilter([
new EqualsFilter('product.categories.name', 'test-category'),
new EqualsFilter('product.categories.active', true)
])
);
2:
$criteria->addFilter(
new EqualsFilter('product.categories.name', 'test-category')
);
$criteria->addFilter(
new EqualsFilter('product.categories.active', true)
);
1: Returns all products assigned to the test-category category where test-category is also active. 2: Returns all products that are assigned to the test-category category AND have a category assigned that is active.