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Tax providers

This document represents an architecture decision record (ADR) and has been mirrored from the ADR section in our Shopware 6 repository. You can find the original version here

Context

In other countries like the USA, there are different tax rates for different states and counties you are shipping to, leading to thousands of different tax rates in the USA alone. For this purpose, tax providers exist like TaxJar, Vertex or AvaTax that output the tax rate depending on the customer and cart details.

Decision

We want to implement a possibility (interface / hook), which is called after the cart is calculated and is able to overwrite the taxes. Then, when a customer is logged in (therefore information about the shipping / billing is available), we can call the interface to receive all necessary information about the tax rates.

Implementation details

New entity tax_provider

We want to create a new entity called tax_provider which registers the available tax providers and defines rules.
The following fields should therefore be required:
  • IdField id
  • TranslatedField name
  • IntField priority (default 1)
  • FkField availabilityRuleId
  • StringField providerIdentifier (unique)
  • TranslatedField customFields

Location and prioritization of tax providers

The TaxProviderProcessor is called in the CartRuleLoader, after the whole cart has been calculated (so all the promotions and deliveries are calculated). Therefore, if any rules may change due to the changed taxes (e.g. gross price), they will not be validated anymore.
The tax provider will only be called, if:
  • A customer is logged in
  • The availability rule matches
The highest priority defines, which tax provider is called first. If no parameter is filled or the TaxProviderNotAvailableException is thrown, the next tax provider by priority is called.

Calling the tax provider

The TaxProviderProcessor will call a class that is tagged shopware.tax.provider, named in the providerIdentifier and implements the TaxProviderInterface. If the class does not exist, the Processor will throw a TaxProviderHook, that has the identifier and the return struct as additional parameters, so it can be filled via app scripting, if the identifier matches with the app. To allow for app scripting to call the provider, we need to add a possibility to do requests to the app, e.g. via Guzzle.
interface TaxProviderInterface
{
/**
* @throws TaxProviderOutOfScopeException|\Throwable
*/
public function provideTax(Cart $cart, SalesChannelContext $context): TaxProviderStruct;
}
If a tax provider throws any other Exception than the TaxProviderOutOfScopeException (e.g. due to connection issues), we proceed to the next tax provider. If no other provider can provide taxes, we will throw the first Exception since we then don't want any invalid taxes.

Return & Processing

If any of the values of the TaxProviderStruct is filled by the class / hook, we do not call any more TaxProviders. Afterwards, the line items / shipping costs / total tax are respectively overwritten, before the cart is persisted.
class TaxProviderStruct extends Struct
{
/**
* @param null|array<string, CalculatedTaxCollection> key is line item id
*/
protected ?array $lineItemTaxes = null;
/**
* @param null|array<string, CalculatedTaxCollection> key is delivery id
*/
protected ?array $deliveryTaxes = null;
protected ?CalculatedTaxCollection $cartPriceTaxes = null;
}